12% GST rate on manmade fibre, yarn, fabrics & apparel from Jan 1, 2022: Finance Ministry

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The finance ministry has notified a uniform 12 percent GST rate on manmade fibre (MMF), yarn, fabrics, and apparel, thereby addressing the inverted tax structure in the MMF textile value chain.

Currently, the tax rate on MMF, MMF yarn, and MMF fabrics is 18 percent, 12 percent, and 5 percent, respectively.

The taxation of inputs at higher rates than finished products created a build-up of credits and cascading costs. It further led to the accumulation of taxes at various stages of the MMF value chain and the blockage of crucial working capital for the industry.
The GST Council, chaired by Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman and Ith comprising state finance ministers, had in its previous meeting on September 17 decided that the inverted duty anomalies in the textile sector would be corrected from January 1, 2022.

Giving effect to this decision, the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC) on November 18 notified the 12 percent GST rate for MMF, MMF yarn, and MMF fabrics.

Experts said though there is a provision in GST law to claim the unutilized Input Tax Credit (ITC) as a refund, there were other complications and resulted in more compliance burden. The inverted tax structure caused an effective increase in the rate of taxation of the sector.

The world textiles trade has been moving towards MMF but India was not able to take advantage of the trend as its MMF segment was throttled by the inverted tax regime, they said, adding the correction in duty anomaly will help the segment grow and emerge as a big job provider.

EY Tax Partner Bipin Sapra said the rate changes in the textile industry are the first of the changes promised by the GST Council with an aim to rectify an inverted duty structure and bring an efficient tax structure for a given sector.